Burning questionsMission SolarHanwha Q CELLSREC

How big are solar panels?

When you plan a solar system, treat the free space on your roof as a limited resource. Only one side of your roof is best for solar production, and you have to find enough room for 10-25 panels while avoiding the shadows from trees and buildings. To win this Tetris game, plan your system ahead! The first thing you need to learn is how big solar panels are.

Residential solar panel is like a single bed

Classic solar panels for home have 60 full-sized or 120 half-cut solar cells. The standard dimensions for a residential PV module are 66 by 39 inches, which is comparable to a single bed. Its area is just shy of 18 square feet.

Out of stock

REC 370W Solar Panel 120 Cell REC370NP2

  • Rated Power Output 370 W
  • Voltage (VOC)41.1 V
  • Number of cells120
  • Cell TypeMonocrystalline

Delivery on May 01–06

An example of your standard home panel would be REC 370W N-Peak 2. Its parameters are 69.1 x 40.94 inches which almost falls into the residential solar panel standard. This panel will fit well on most residential rooftops and you can build a powerful enough array to satisfy all energy needs of a typical household.

Generally, larger panels have higher power ratings and can generate more electricity than smaller panels. It’s not always so: manufacturers make panels differently and some pack more power in less space than others. Compare the panels and pay attention to the brand!

Residential-commercial panels are as tall as a door

Panels with an output above 400-450 watts used to be considered commercial, but people put them on their house roof as well. These panels are primarily longer — almost as tall as a door. The standard size for residential-commercial panels is 78 by 39 inches. One module is about 21.1 square feet. They have 72 full-sized or 144 half-cut solar cells. 

In stock
16% OFF

Mission Solar 430W Solar Panel 72 Cell MIN-MSE430SX9Z Assembled in USA

  • Rated Power Output 430 W
  • Voltage (VOC)49.28 V
  • Number of cells72
  • Cell TypeMonocrystalline

Pickup on Fri, Apr 26 from Jacksonville, FL

Delivery on May 01–06

Here is a good example: Mission Solar 430W 72-cell solar panel. Its parameters are 82.13 x 41.5 inches. Commercial solar panels have a higher power output compared to residential panels but they are harder to fit on a roof. 

Vasilii Smirnov
Solar Installation Expert

The division of solar panels into residential and commercial is somewhat arbitrary — you can use whichever ones you prefer for your house. Just remember that how big roof top solar panels are dictates how hard it is to work with them on your house.

Commercial-industrial panels are best for ground systems

Solar panels above, say, 450 watts are often used in commercial and industrial projects. These are what you build solar farms with. Installations of a large scale are usually ground-mounted. 

How big are commercial solar panels depends on their output. For example, there are 78-full-cell or 156-half-cut-cell panels. These can provide up to 500W of output. Their dimensions are around 40 × 88 inches. One panel is around 24.5 square feet. An example would be a Silfab SIL-490-HN solar panel which is 89 × 40.8 inches in size.

Out of stock

Silfab 490W Solar Panel 156 Cell SIL-490-HN

  • Rated Power Output 490 W
  • Voltage (VOC)54.05 V
  • Number of cells156
  • Cell TypeMonocrystalline

Delivery on May 01–06

Five hundred watts is not a limit — panels get even more powerful and thus bigger. For instance, Trina Solar offers 670W Vertex solar panels. These reach 94 × 51 inches in size.

Bifacial solar panels are often used in commercial systems. Despite the fact that their active rear gives up to 25% bonus to the front side, they are the same size as comparable monofacial panels. For example, a 156-cell bifacial Q CELLS is going to be just as large as any other 156-cell panel.

Learn the size of your future system!

 A1SolarStore calculator not only figures out the right power capacity of a solar system for your home but tells you how much area it will need.

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Years of experience in translation and a love of nature help Julia find the right words to encourage going solar. She joined the team in 2023 and is happy to make her contribution to a greener future.

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